Chengdu History

Chengdu, located on the fertile Chengdu Plain which is extolled as “the Land of Abundance”, was recently named China’s fourth-most livable city, following Weihai, Dalian and Xiamen according to China Daily. About 4,000 years ago, the prehistoric Bronze Age culture of Jinsha established itself in the region.

The history of Chengdu can be dated back to the early fourth century BC. From that time, the first emperor, Kaiming of the Shu Kingdom, shifted his capital from Pixian County to its current location and named the city-Chengdu. It was said that the emperor Kaiming was influenced by the Emperor Tai of the Zhou Kingdom who was the first to transfer his capital. As the emperor Kaiming believed that the new location would take one year to become a town and two years to become a capital, he named the city Chengdu, literally  to “become” (Cheng) “a capital” (du). Though thousands years have passed, the name Chengdu has survived the tumult of history and remains proudly to this day. Chengdu has also maintained its status as the Province's capital city and major economic and political center. 

In 316 BC, the Shu Kingdom was subsumed by the Qin State. At this point, a new city was built and was an early form of present-day Chengdu. During the Northern Song Dynasty in around 960 AD, the first paper currency in China's history appeared in Chengdu, and was named “jiao zi”-not, of course, the same as the delicious dumplings we enjoy today. At the present time, Chengdu is still one of the most significant economic, transportation and communication hubs in southwestern China. 

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