GuangxiTravel Guide - Brief Information on Guangxi

Guangxi Province in Chinese Pinyin:  guǎng xī
Guangxi Province in Chinese Writing:   in simplified Chinese  in traditional Chinese

Guangxi Province in Chinese Pronunciation:     Click the button to learn how to say Guangxiin Mandarin Chinese. Or you can download it to your hand device to play it to a conductor when buying a train ticket to Guangxi Province.

Guangxi Province Overview:  Guangxi is a Zhuang autonomous region of the People's Republic of China. It is located in southern China, with Vietnam as its border, and mountainous terrain asone of the border frontiers of Chinese civilization. Even in the 21st century it is considered as an open and wild territory. The current name "Guang" itself means "expanse", and is associated with the region since the creation of Guang Prefecture in 226 AD. It got provincial level status during Yuan Dynasty and in 1949 it reformed as one of China's five minority autonomous regions.

The abbreviation of the province is Gui, which comes from the city of Guilin, the former capital and center of Guangxi's culture, politics, and history. Currently Guilin is a major city in the autonomous region.

Map of Guangxi Province:  Here is a map showing the location of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region province on China map.

 Map of Guangxi

Guangxi Province Climate & Weather:  Guangxi has a subtropical climate and summer is generally long and hot. Average annual temperature is 17 to 23°C, while average annual precipitation is 1250 to 1750 mm.

Language in Guangxi Province: Guangxi is known for its ethno-linguistic diversity. In Nanning, its capital  four dialects are spoken locally such as Southwestern Mandarin, Cantonese, Pinghua, and Zhuang.

Guangxi Province Transportation:

By Air:  Two major airports in Guangxi are Nanjing Wuxu International Airport and Guilin Liangjiang International Airport.

By Train:  The Hunan-Guangxi railroad runs diagonally across the region from  northeast to  southwest. It forms a vital continental artery that connects with the Beijing-Guangzhou railroad and, south of Pingxiang, with the Vietnamese railroad system. A branch line runs from Litang to the port city of Zhanjiang in Guangdong province. The Guangxi-Guizhou railroad links Liuzhou with Guiyang (Guizhou province) and, along with the Liuzhou-Zhicheng line (opened in 1978), is impetus to the development of northern Guangxi. A new rail line that completed in 1997 connects Kunming (Yunnan province) with Nanning and with Beihai on the Gulf of Tonkin coast, providing southwestern provinces a more direct route to the seaport.

By Bus:  The highway system has substantially extended and improved since 1949. The highway network forms a central rectangle—with Nandan (in the northwest), Liuzhou, Nanning, and Baise (in the west) at its four corners—from which other roads radiate. The Guilin-Beihai express highway, bisecting Guangxi from north to south, was opened in 2000. Express highways from Nanning northeast to Liuzhou, south to Fangchenggang, and southwest to Youyiguan on the border with Vietnam were also opened for public in the early 21st century. Air traffic, centered on Nanning, Liuzhou, and Guilin, is largely with other Chinese cities, with some flights to regional foreign destinations.

Water Transportation:  Guangxi's elaborate system of waterways provides transportation almost throughout the region. A large proportion of the traffic is by junk, although portions of many rivers are navigable by motor launches and even by small steamers. With the completion of some river course improvement projects, 1,000-ton steamboats travel from Nanning to Guangzhou of neighboring Guangdong province since early 2000s.

Guangxi Province Food:  Guangxi cuisine is light, but not as light as Cantonese food and is spicy, but not as spicy as Sichuan cuisine. It is most renowned for its unique treatment of venison. Guangxi cuisine also includes snake, mountain tortoise and pigeon. Its special dish is Guilin Ma rou Mifen (rice-flour noodles with minted horse meat).

Major Guangxi Province Tourism Resources:  The major tourist attraction of Guangxi is Guilin, a town famed across China and the world for its spectacular landscape by the Lijiang River (Li River) amongst severe karst peaks. It was once the capital of Guangxi. Jingjiang Prince’ City, the old prince’s residence is open to the public. South of Guilin and down the river is the town of Yangshuo, which is a favorite destination for foreign tourists, particularly backpackers.

Ethnic minorities such as the Zhuang and Dong are also a matter of interest to tourists. The northern part of the province, bordering with Guizhou, is home to the Longsheng rice terraces, known as the steepest in the world. It is situated nearby Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County.

Tourist Attractions:  Lijiang River (Li River), Town of Yangshuo

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