Shanghai History

For centuries, Shanghai was only a small fishing village. It didn’t grow into a town until the 13th century. During the Southern Song Dynasty (1260-1274), Shanghai played an increasingly important role as a port and commercial center, a place where merchants could gather. In 1292, it was set up as an administrative country by officials of the Yuan Dynasty, and then Shanghai gradually became the national textile and handicraft center during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). In 1685, the first customs office of Shanghai was established by the government of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). After the Opium War in 1840, Shanghai was forced to serve as a major trading port and furthermore became an international colony.

After the foundation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Shanghai began to write a new chapter in the history of its development. Today, Shanghai has already become an international metropolis and the largest economic and transportation center in China. Meanwhile, it also plays a significant role in both important and grandiose domestic and international meetings and activities. In 2008, it cooperated with Beijing and successfully held the 29th Olympics alongside Qingdao, Shenyang, and Hong Kong. In 2010, Shanghai will host the World Expo.

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